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- February 26, 2020 at 3:10 pm #86657Spectator@idowu
There are certain things you have to put in place to obtain optimal functionality and smooth running of programs on your computer. Instead of hiring experts and paying a huge amount of money for simple tasks like routine maintenance, you can do it on your own. This article explains some checks you can carry out all by yourself.
Running system diagnosis
Running a system diagnosis prevents unnecessary guesses while troubleshooting your computer. Without having to dismantle all the nooks and corners of your operating system, you can know what the problems are already. To see if there are underlying problems that may serve as potential threats to your computer in any way – some of the best things to do is run a driver diagnosis and scan for malware.
Dealing with missing drivers
Outdated drivers are usually a major problem with computers. Drivers are meant to enhance the performance of installed hardware – when they become outdated, it can result in slow loading, poor video output, poor sound output, dumb audio output, and unresponsive USB ports among others. However, several tools are available to help you with driver diagnosis, which you can as well adopt as routine testers for your computer.
Apart from getting outdated, a driver may not be working at all. To manually check if a driver is working on windows, go to file manager, then right-click on My PC, click on manager, then device manager. A driver that’s not working is marked with a yellow exclamation.
To automatically check for and install required drivers on your computer, downloading and running this Driverpack solution online is reliable. It works by automatically scanning through and diagnosing the problems with your drivers – it doesn’t stop there, it installs all missing drivers and equally updates outdated ones. Restarting your computer after the process will help activate the newly installed drivers.
If you also discover that a particular driver is missing or outdated on your computer and you want to avoid any time-consuming scanning – while in your device manager, click on the required driver and click on update driver. Click on the search online option to automatically download and install updates for that driver.
Scanning for malware
Malware is a computer program that harms your computer software. They act in different ways and come in different forms, while some affect specific files, others act systemically and slow down your device, some also prevent successful booting. You can pick-up malware from just anywhere, ranging from the internet to disks and USB drives. The common malware includes computer viruses, spyware, adware, worms, and Trojans.
Fortunately, you can prevent malware from gaining access to your computer by maintaining a strong firewall. To know if your computer is possibly infected by a malware, download and run process explorers. When you launch process explorers, in the option menu, select VirusTotals.com – this online tool will help you analyze possible malware components on your computer by returning a fraction of anti-malware that discovered that your computer is infected – for instance if you get a result that says 5/67, it means 5 of the 67 available anti-malware discovered that your device is infected.
Once you discover that your device is infected, you can then act swiftly by getting yourself a good antivirus (if you don’t already have one) or you can activate and update one if you have it.
Here is a list of antiviruses you can rely on to rid your device of viruses:
- USBfix antimalware – a free and reliable antimalware.
- Bitdefender – although, this might require that you touch your wallet, but it’s worth it.
- McCafe – this antimalware is equally not free but affordable.
Dealing with an already affected device
When you discover that files on your computer are being eaten up and becoming inaccessible, a common cause of this is malware (usually viruses, Trojans or worms). Dealing with malware could be very frustrating. It’s ridiculous how they prevent you from gaining access to your computer by taking over the operating system. One way to override this will be to boot your computer in safe mode and remove the infected files manually.
To boot your device in safe mode; before booting up, press the shift+f8 key, this will lead your computer into the recovery mode, from where you can select the boot from safe mode option. If that doesn’t work, another option will be to repeatedly switch off your device about 4 times in the middle of booting, it’s most likely that the fifth time you boot your computer, the booting options will pop up. Go to advanced options, select startup behavior, then select restart. Upon restarting, tap the f4 key on your keyboard to enter safe mode. However, this method of dealing with malware could be hectic and unproductive. Again, even if the infected files are removed, it’s uncertain that your operating system has not been modified by the malware – a condition that can result in even greater damage to your computer.
Reinstalling the Operating system
A final and perhaps, the most reliable way to ensure that you rid your computer of malware completely and reinstate your device is to reinstall the operating system. Apart from getting rid of malware, a fresh operating system installation can also solve other underlying problems. You can do this on your own by purchasing an installation disc from trusted vendors. Just follow the instructions that are given during installation and you’ll have a new operating system in no time. You can then drive your hardware by running the Driverpack solution online package or you can drive hardware manually as stated above.
Improving the speed of your computer
If you love speed and consistency as I do, you’ll love for your device to run applications smoothly and speedily. If you have a slow computer, there is a higher tendency that your productivity at completing some tasks is affected. To improve the speed of your device, below are some of the things you should consider doing.
Increasing the RAM
RAM is an acronym for Random Access Memory. It’s a volatile memory that has to do with temporary information storage and processing. RAMs come in different sizes. The higher the size, the higher the capacity of a RAM.
Low RAM might impede the general performance of a computer, especially if you run heavy stuff on it – however, it’s not usually the sole cause. If you noticed that your device is lagging, one of the ways to alleviate this is to consider increasing the size of your RAM. If your device has a 1gb RAM installed on it, it can be better with a 2gb RAM or something higher than that.
Get rid of redundant files and software
Whenever you perform a complete installation of an operating system, some redundant and irrelevant applications could have been installed along with it. These components contribute to the slow running of your device. You should consider removing such files.
To remove redundant applications, just go to file manager, right-click on My Computer and click on properties. In the properties panel, at the top left-hand corner, click on the control panel, then click on uninstall a program. Check through the list of available software and double-click on redundant ones to uninstall them. To discover and remove duplicate files from your computer, you can make use of simple tools like duplicate cleaner or CCleaner.
Killing underground programs
Programs that run underground can also slow down your computer significantly. Most of the previously used applications keep running even when you’re not using them anymore. To check for such programs, go to the Windows search console and type task manager or you can hit the Contr+Alt+Del key. For Mac os, you can search for Activity monitor. Once the task manager is launched, you’ll see a list of currently running programs. When you click on a particular program, you’ll get the option to stop or kill that task.
Checking and changing the hard disk
There are several reasons why you would want to replace a hard drive. A failing hard drive can often result in stuff like boot failure, sudden system reboot, cracking noise, and failure to boot at all. If you notice anyone or a combination of those signs, it’s most likely that your hard drive is faulty and it’ll be wise to start preparing for the worse.
However, important files are stored on the hard drive and losing them may not be an option. Once you notice that your hard disk is faulty, the best you can do is back-up your files quickly to avoid losing them. Changing your hard drive and backing up your files are things you can do on your own – besides, to change a hard drive, you’re only required to lose a few bolts.
Once you get a new hard drive and you’ve installed it on your computer, you’ll have to perform a fresh installation of an operating system to be able to use it.
Checking for failed power supply
Failing or failed power pack is usually associated with desktops. A failed power pack will prevent your desktop from coming up at all. Some of the other symptoms to look out for in the case of a failing power pack include unfamiliar noise coming from the power pack, a computer turning on and off, or after a successful boot-up, the device turns-off while you’re using it.
To test if the power pack has failed, remove it from the device completely, connect the power pack directly to an electrical terminal – if the fans are not rolling, you’re dealing with a failed power pack. The best solution is usually to consider replacing it.
A failed power supply might also be a failed or failing battery. This problem is usually obvious, as your PC fails to come up completely except you connect it to an electrical terminal.
Another maintenance check you should carry out on your PC is to regularly observe the battery’s life span and charging pattern. A failing battery sometimes may stop charging before it gets to 100%. It flags a full battery, while upon unplugging the charger, it immediately drops to a lower battery level.
However, always ensure that you don’t overcharge your PC. If it’s a desktop, you’ll be doing a lot of good by supporting it with a UPS engine (if you’re in a country with unstable power supply).
Assess heat generation and remove dust regularly
Always lookout for an overheated device. An overheating device could be due to a failed cooling system or a dusty panel – which can affect the processing unit or destroy it completely. Once you notice that your computer is overheating (such that you can feel it significantly with your palms) – you should check the fans. If you discover that your fan has stopped working, you can first get rid of dust from your device’s panel by blowing it. If that doesn’t work, the best solution is to replace the fan completely. However, removing dust from your computer should be a monthly routine.
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